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Guardianship WTO this " the person that free trade

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发表于 2020-9-14 16:24:15 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
The World Trade Organization that having inside information of 60 old histories (WTO) , was immersed in global communal product nowadays normally some histories are awkward.
After in the Azeweiduo that has individual glamour and international great ambition quite originally the decision hangs a coronal and going, WTO started new total a secretary in charge of sth to choose a program yesterday. From eye antecedent condition looks, what Asia, Africa, Europe and the Oceania are striving for fill A Zewei actively to stay more is vacant, developed country of a few old brand turns his senior trade official forward table of purpose. Future in two many months, the participation that the whole world has actual strength main body general around WTO choose of person of new control door and appoint spread out rich play chess. This is immersed in condition of come to a standstill to dispute mechanism already the WTO of half an year, also be figure of heavy model oneself and the opportunity that arouse mechanism vitality probably.
Serve as a GATT upgrade edition, WTO is the system changes production that economic globalization and commerce liberalize. Since be run formally 1995, the fair competition that it is pushing commerce field, ensure the effectiveness of multilateral commerce mechanism, provide the field such as the trade that advantage turns and service in order to make every member can be in equal competition environment each other, made historic contribution. WTO also is mixed because of this and world bank international Monetary Fund together, by accepted the 3 old main and communal products that are global economy domain, having " economic U.N. " say.
Nevertheless, free trade of no less than often is the difficult drag out a miserable existence that finds optimum solution hard in real world the problem is same, although WTO is having glorious past to ever was flaunted the beautiful Ou Liting of free trade all along, but join WTO in succession as burgeoning economy system and blend in global trade system ceaselessly, the developed country begins to change the attitude to WTO, this main international trade organizes as a result more and more accomplish hard " the knife cuts bean curd -- try to please both parties " . Regard WTO as the United States of main mechanism architect especially, do not like WTO more and more in recent years, exit to many second menace very.
The existing mechanism that the United States criticizes WTO makes international trade is immersed in market malfunction exhausted condition, claim the judges that WTO conflict solves mechanism appeal orgnaization are explaining WTO law course is medium often " cross the border " , "Abuse " WTO did not gift in relevant law laws and regulations their influence. The United States expresses to will use all usable methods to ensure WTO undertakes reform to developing country position for many times, prevent those " ego alleges " for the developing country but the state that does not have support of appropriate economic norms is enjoyed in WTO negotiation special the flexibility with discriminate. It is excuse with this, government of overbearing current United States is flat last year the bottom is opposite adjudication trade controversial issue is in charge of in WTO solve a mechanism -- a:appellant orgnaization, came a take a drastic measure to deal with a situation. Pass the appointment of new judge of arrearage and obstruct appeal orgnaization, make this one mechanism cannot continue to discuss the trade controversial issue between world trade member, multilateral trade controversial issue solves the whole world the mechanism is in cerebral paralysis condition in fact.
Look now, the American retreat in order to advance, power that supports multilateral trade system of organization through letting WTO conflict solve mechanism come to a standstill or flat shock to split up, through hook in at the same time system of individual and burgeoning economy is breach, prevail on footstep of United States of follow of a few members, ultimate goal has only: Transform WTO according to American volition.
Beyond question, WTO is one of the mainest carrier of guardianship free trade. As the rapid development of digital economy, WTO establishs the international standard of digital commerce urgently, this is the place of the impulsion that WTO need ego changes to develop in order to get used to technical progress and commerce and pressing sex. The digitlization process of global commerce was accelerated greatly again after new coronal epidemic situation is eruptive, can say to be on certain level even establish the dominant sex status of digital commerce. And in digital trade times, WTO is driving electronic business affairs quickly negotiation, strengthen the digitlization that crosses trade of Wu of condition commodity kimono construction, contractible " digital chasm " and strengthen privacy protection and provide the field such as fair competition environment, having vast behavior space apparently.
Even if protectionism and unilateral creed air cooling often are blown, the lump of regulation of trade of even if whole world changes course of economic integration of whole world of as serious as collectivize rich play chess obstacle, and increased bilateral or multilateral trade significantly chafe with trade cost, WTO also is changed without any reason ego brims.
In WTO reform faces the moment of truth of come to a standstill, regard the burgeoning economy that bear the blame as body, china especially ought to utmost solidarity is other member, drive WTO reform to develop actively with constructive direction forward jointly. For this, we can be discussed will medium 3 when just reform to WTO basic principles and advocated at 5 o'clock, wait with Europe, Japan develop to the reform of economic system and burgeoning economy system, broad developing country advocates or appeal to beg organic union to rise; On the other hand, we are making the United States instead stoutly square while trade bully Ling Hang is any classics, also want to show an appropriate flexibility, those who prevent Sino-US economy and commerce connection to be immersed in clique of a few pairs of China eagles of American to drive is comprehensive " derail " and " unhook " , can discuss Sino-US the cooperative interval with likely respect is reformed in WTO, for example custom duty and non tariff barrier, technology is made over etc, can develop constructive dialogue.
After all, 0 it is profitless to be killed with Bo Yiyou. Global economy administers the implementation of the target, "Inside natural disposition " a due international sense of responsibility is shown in the process that the ground asks WTO each member weichis in cooperative sex rich. Devote oneself to to eliminate difference, the freedom of stimulative commodity and capital is current, so that get a benefit from inside share, collective guardianship WTO serves as " the person that free trade is guarded " figure. (author Zhang Yugui is prexy of commerce of banking of international of university of Shanghai foreign language)
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